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Bible Commentary Index
Necessity of Prayer Index
VI. PRAYER AND IMPORTUNITY
"How glibly we talk of praying
without ceasing! Yet we are quite apt to quit, if our prayer remained
unanswered but one week or month! We assume that by a stroke of His arm or
an action of His will, God will give us what we ask. It never seems to dawn
on us, that He is the Master of nature, as of grace, and that, sometimes He
chooses one way, and sometimes another in which to do His work. It takes
years, sometimes, to answer a prayer and when it is answered, and we look
backward we can see that it did. But God knows all the time, and it is His
will that we pray, and pray, and still pray, and so come to know, indeed and
of a truth, what it is to pray without ceasing." -- ANON.
OUR Lord Jesus declared that "men ought always to pray and
not to faint," and the parable in which His words occur, was taught with the
intention of saving men from faint-heartedness and weakness in prayer. Our
Lord was seeking to teach that laxity must be guarded against, and
persistence fostered and encouraged. There can be no two opinions regarding
the importance of the exercise of this indispensable quality in our praying.
Importunate prayer is a mighty movement of the soul toward
God. It is a stirring of the deepest forces of the soul, toward the throne
of heavenly grace. It is the ability to hold on, press on, and wait.
Restless desire, restful patience, and strength of grasp are all embraced in
it. It is not an incident, or a performance, but a passion of soul. It is
not a want, half-needed, but a sheer necessity.
The wrestling quality in importunate prayers does not
spring from physical vehemence or fleshly energy. It is not an impulse of
energy, not a mere earnestness of soul; it is an inwrought force, a faculty
implanted and aroused by the Holy Spirit. Virtually, it is the intercession
of the Spirit of God, in us; it is, moreover, "the effectual, fervent
prayer, which availeth much." The Divine Spirit informing every element
within us, with the energy of His own striving, is the essence of the
importunity which urges our praying at the mercy-seat, to continue until the
fire falls and the blessing descends. This wrestling in prayer may not be
boisterous nor vehement, but quiet, tenacious and urgent. Silent, it may be,
when there are no visible outlets for its mighty forces.
Nothing distinguishes the children of God so clearly and
strongly as prayer. It is the one infallible mark and test of being a
Christian. Christian people are prayerful, the worldly-minded, prayerless.
Christians call on God; worldlings ignore God, and call not on His Name. But
even the Christian had need to cultivate continual prayer. Prayer must be
habitual, but much more than a habit. It is duty, yet one which rises far
above, and goes beyond the ordinary implications of the term. It is the
expression of a relation to God, a yearning for Divine communion. It is the
outward and upward flow of the inward life toward its original fountain. It
is an assertion of the soul's paternity, a claiming of the sonship, which
links man to the Eternal.
Prayer has everything to do with moulding the soul into the
image of God, and has everything to do with enhancing and enlarging the
measure of Divine grace. It has everything to do with bringing the soul into
complete communion with God. It has everything to do with enriching,
broadening and maturing the soul's experience of God. That man cannot
possibly be called a Christian, who does not pray. By no possible pretext
can he claim any right to the term, nor its implied significance. If he do
not pray, he is a sinner, pure and simple, for prayer is the only way in
which the soul of man can enter into fellowship and communion with the
Source of all Christlike spirit and energy. Hence, if he pray not, he is not
of the household of faith.
In this study however, we turn our thought to one phase of
prayer -- that of importunity; the pressing of our desires upon God with
urgency and perseverance; the praying with that tenacity and tension which
neither relaxes nor ceases until its plea is heard, and its cause is won.
He who has clear views of God, and Scriptural conceptions
of the Divine character; who appreciates his privilege of approach unto God;
who understands his inward need of all that God has for him -- that man will
be solicitous, outspoken and importunate. In Holy Writ, the duty of prayer,
itself, is advocated in terms which are only barely stronger than those in
which the necessity for its importunity is set forth. The praying which
influences God is declared to be that of the fervent, effectual outpouring
of a righteous man. That is to say, it is prayer on fire, having no feeble,
flickering flame, no momentary flash, but shining with a vigorous and steady
The repeated intercessions of Abraham for the salvation of
Sodom and Gomorrah present an early example of the necessity for, and
benefit deriving from importunate praying. Jacob, wrestling all night with
the angel, gives significant emphasis to the power of a dogged perseverance
in praying, and shows how, in things spiritual, importunity succeeds, just
as effectively as it does in matters relating to time and sense.
As we have noted, elsewhere, Moses prayed forty days and
forty nights, seeking to stay the wrath of God against Israel, and his
example and success are a stimulus to present-day faith in its darkest hour.
Elijah repeated and urged his prayer seven times ere the raincloud appeared
above the horizon, heralding the success of his prayer and the victory of
his faith. On one occasion Daniel though faint and weak, pressed his case
three weeks, ere the answer and the blessing came.
Many nights during His earthly life did the blessed
Saviour spend in prayer. In Gethsemane He presented the same petition, three
times, with unabated, urgent, yet submissive importunity, which involved
every element of His soul, and issued in tears and bloody sweat. His life
crises were distinctly marked, his life victories all won, in hours of
importunate prayer. And the servant is not greater than his Lord.
The Parable of the Importunate Widow is a classic of
insistent prayer. We shall do well to refresh our remembrance of it, at this
point in our study:
"And He spake a parable unto them to
this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint; saying, There was
in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man; and there was
a widow in that city; and she came unto him, saying, Avenge me of my
adversary. And he would not for a while; but afterward he said within
himself, Though I fear not God nor regard man; yet because this widow
troubleth me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me.
And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge saith. And shall not God
avenge His own elect, which cry day and night unto Him, though He bear long
with them? I tell you He will avenge them speedily."
This parable stresses the central truth of importunate
prayer. The widow presses her case till the unjust judge yields. If this
parable does not teach the necessity for importunity, it has neither point
nor instruction in it. Take this one thought away, and you have nothing left
worth recording. Beyond all cavil, Christ intended it to stand as an
evidence of the need that exists, for insistent prayer.
We have the same teaching emphasized in the incident of
the Syrophenician woman, who came to Jesus on behalf of her daughter. Here,
importunity is demonstrated, not as a stark impertinence, but as with the
persuasive habiliments of humility, sincerity, and fervency. We are given a
glimpse of a woman's clinging faith, a woman's bitter grief, and a woman's
spiritual insight. The Master went over into that Sidonian country in order
that this truth might be mirrored for all time -- there is no plea so
efficacious as importunate prayer, and none to which God surrenders Himself
so fully and so freely.
The importunity of this distressed mother, won her the
victory, and materialized her request. Yet instead of being an offence to
the Saviour, it drew from Him a word of wonder, and glad surprise. "O woman,
great is thy faith! Be it unto thee, even as thou wilt."
He prays not at all, who does not press his plea. Cold
prayers have no claim on heaven, and no hearing in the courts above. Fire is
the life of prayer, and heaven is reached by flaming importunity rising in
an ascending scale.
Reverting to the case of the importunate widow, we see
that her widowhood, her friendlessness, and her weakness counted for nothing
with the unjust judge. Importunity was everything. "Because this widow
troubleth me," he said, "I will avenge her speedily, lest she weary me."
Solely because the widow imposed upon the time and attention of the unjust
judge, her case was won.
God waits patiently as, day and night, His elect cry unto
Him. He is moved by their requests a thousand times more than was this
unjust judge. A limit is set to His tarrying, by the importunate praying of
His people, and the answer richly given. God finds faith in His praying
child -- the faith which stays and cries -- and He honours it by permitting
its further exercise, to the end that it is strengthened and enriched. Then
He rewards it by granting the burden of its plea, in plenitude and finality.
The case of the Syrophenician woman previously referred to
is a notable instance of successful importunity, one which is eminently
encouraging to all who would pray successfully. It was a remarkable instance
of insistence and perseverance to ultimate victory, in the face of almost
insuperable obstacles and hindrances. But the woman surmounted them all by
heroic faith and persistent spirit that were as remarkable as they were
successful. Jesus had gone over into her country, "and would have no man
know it." But she breaks through His purpose, violates His privacy, attracts
His attention, and pours out to Him a poignant appeal of need and faith. Her
heart was in her prayer.
At first, Jesus appears to pay no attention to her agony,
and ignores her cry for relief. He gives her neither eye, nor ear, nor word.
Silence, deep and chilling, greets her impassioned cry. But she is not
turned aside, nor disheartened. She holds on. The disciples, offended at her
unseemly clamour, intercede for her, but are silenced by the Lord's
declaring that the woman is entirely outside the scope of His mission and
But neither the failure of the disciples to gain her a
hearing nor the knowledge -- despairing in its very nature -- that she is
barred from the benefits of His mission, daunt her, and serve only to lend
intensity and increased boldness to her approach to Christ. She came closer,
cutting her prayer in twain, and falling at His feet, worshipping Him, and
making her daughter's case her own cries, with pointed brevity -- "Lord,
help me!" This last cry won her case; her daughter was healed in the
self-same hour. Hopeful, urgent, and unwearied, she stays near the Master,
insisting and praying until the answer is given. What a study in
importunity, in earnestness, in persistence, promoted and propelled under
conditions which would have disheartened any but an heroic, a constant soul.
In these parables of importunate praying, our Lord sets
forth, for our information and encouragement, the serious difficulties which
stand in the way of prayer. At the same time He teaches that importunity
conquers all untoward circumstances and gets to itself a victory over a
whole host of hindrances. He teaches, moreover, that an answer to prayer is
conditional upon the amount of faith that goes to the petition. To test
this, He delays the answer. The superficial pray-er subsides into silence,
when the answer is delayed. But the man of prayer hangs on, and on. The Lord
recognizes and honours his faith, and gives him a rich and abundant answer
to his faith-evidencing, importunate prayer.
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Bible Commentary Index
Necessity of Prayer Index